Indian Museum, Kolkata : Virtual Exhibitions Artifacts from the Harappan Civilisation

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  Artifacts from the Harappan Civilisation

The Harappan Civilisation was a Bronze Age civilisation (3300 - 1300 BCE) in northwest Indian subcontinent spreading over the present day Pakistan, northwest India and some regions of northeast Afghanistan. The site Harappa was named after a modern village located near the former course of the Ravi River. Along with two other early civilisations, one in ancient Egypt and the other in Mesopotamia, it was the most widespread among them, covering an area of 1.25 million square kilometre. It flourished in the basins of the Indus River, one of the major rivers of Asia, and the now dried up Sarasvati River, which once coursed through northwest India and eastern Pakistan together with its tributaries. Due to the spread of the civilisation along both the river valleys, it is also designated as the Indus-Sarasvati Civilisation.

Harappa, the first of its sites excavated in the 1920s, was located in the then Punjab province of British India, and is now in Pakistan. The discovery of Harappa, was followed by the unearthing of Mohenjo-Daro. A good number of various sculptures, seals, pottery, jewellery, figurines in terracotta, bronze, and steatite found from these excavation sites were poured into the repertoire of Indian Museum. A few of them has been put up in this virtual show.